Czech Republic Sights
Castles of the Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic there are 2,500 ancient castles and towns. The Czechs are rightly proud of the cultural riches of their homeland. And the fact that the Gothic church of St. Nicholas with two Romanesque towers in Cheb or hotel for pilgrims in the Baroque style in Pshibrame built project of the German or Italian architects, does not play, in fact, no role. These masters were totally alien to the thinking in the narrow framework of national criteria, so locks the Czech Republic so diverse. Many of them arrived in Bohemia, not only for order fulfillment, but have found here their second homeland.
Politics and Architecture in Bohemia were very closely related to each other. Even during the reign of Charles IV, when the capital of the country first became the residence of the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Germanic nation in Prague came Gothic. Numerous seizure during the Thirty Years' War created the prerequisites for this "construction boom" of baroque architecture, the necessary funds for that distinguishes the Catholic nobility. It was then in Vranov and Valtice were built two beautiful castle Czech Republic.
Prague offers its guests a variety of cultural attractions. Daily choice of concerts of classical music is very wide - it's the music of Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven, Chopin and, of course, the famous Czech composers Dvorak, Smetana, as well as many other famous composers. Concerts are held not only in famous concert halls: Hall named Dvorak, Mirror Chapel Klementiuma, Liechtenstein Palace, but in the historical buildings of Prague Castle - the many churches.
One of the oldest traces of civilization in what is now the Czech Republic, although very few left the Celtic tribes. From the era of the first public education in this area - Great Moravia - there were a lot more, especially in the form of ruins of the once vast fortified settlement. On times Dynasties Přemyslid dynasty and Luxembourg showed preserved monuments of Romanesque and Gothic churches and monasteries, as well as the historical centers of many cities.
The attempt to reform the Catholic Church in the early XV century, a hundred years before the process began in Western Europe, are reminiscent of the monuments of the Hussite wars and written testimony at the time. It was the efforts of the Hussites was built in the South Bohemian historical town Tabor. On the flourishing of trade and wealth of medieval towns show architectural monuments of the Renaissance. Italian influence markedly above all in Prague, Czech renaissance is typical not only for the number of locks, but also for entire cities, such as Telc, Slavonice or later, Mesto nad Metuji.
For a long time the fate of the Czech lands was connected with the Habsburg monarchy. The undoubted positives reign of the Habsburgs was a flowering of Baroque architecture. The conflict between rationality and romanticism led subsequently to a number of buildings in classical style and Empire, as well as beautiful parks, during this period was created Lednice-Valtice complex natural (also a UNESCO monument). Were there new cities, neighborhoods and defenses. In the Czech Republic came Nouveau and Cubism, and later - functionalism and socialist realism.
In 1918 the Czechoslovak Republic. A free country has become a common home for the Czech, German and Jewish cultures. Its democratic traditions today, and continues to honor the young Czech Republic.
In Prague, you may come across as monuments of Gothic architecture, as creations of the baroque or rococo and modern buildings, different from that of the other European countries some special charm. Strange monuments of ancient architecture and unique location on the river Vltava in Prague left a trail unique charm and atmosphere, which has for centuries admired by all its visitors. Prague - one of the world famous and most beautiful cities, ideal for holidays in the Czech Republic, numbering 900 years of history and culture. Prague is one of the most beautiful and romantic cities in the world. Prague, also known as "City of hundred steeples, began its history in the tenth century and has long been the residence of kings, emperors, princes and presidents.
Everything here is steeped in the breath of history: the countless roofs, domes and towers, shot with gold in the rays of the reddening sunset, winding streets of the old Jewish quarter, the old Town Hall ... Also very noticeable interesting feature of Prague: it has never been, and probably will not be rebuilt to end. In the historical center of the capital can come across as an elegant building with a rococo-ornament, and on scaffolding, or broken pavement. It is usually neighborhood scraps wiring and elegant stucco on the facades of buildings. In general, with the contrasts in Prague, all right. Prague is located on the long and gentle slopes and hills, along the very beautiful, wide river. Prague, prostrate along the coast Vlatvy, covers about 500 square meters. kilometers and is divided into 15 separate areas. Such a favorable geographical location determines the abundance of spectacular panoramic views. Architecture of the Baroque, Rococo and Renaissance is perfectly combined with modern style of the last century and unusually beautiful cubic buildings.
Getting in front of the entrance to the Prague Castle is spectacular view of the historical center of the city along both banks of the Vltava: Hradcany, Lesser Side, Old Town, Jewish Town and New Town. In the 18 century, all of these areas were combined. Most Prague this year, our usual form was approved in 1922 by the merger of many areas. In 1968 and 1974. of the city included several of its suburbs, which undoubtedly added beauty of the city as a whole. Great, diverse and unique architecture will surround you from all sides, wherever you go: the winding streets of the Jewish quarter in the Old Town Square is located at the Tyn Church and the Town Hall with the famous clock, or on the Charles Bridge - one of the oldest bridges in Central Europe . A unique panorama of Prague Castle, accentuated neat towers of St. Vitus.
No less wonderful view opens from Petrin Hill, on which the observation tower, which is actually intended architects miniature of the Paris Eiffel Tower. In our time, the whole inner part of the city under the jurisdiction of the Security Service of architectural monuments. Fortunately, outwardly Prague remained undamaged and from the First and the Second World Wars and the historical ensemble of almost fully preserved. To come to Prague can be almost any time of year. But what is most suitable for this time of the spring bloom, when the Prague gardens, parks, squares appear before the eyes of enthusiastic visitors of Prague in all its splendor and amazing riot of colors and flavors. In late spring at the International Festival "Prague Spring" invites guests from all over the world, and in the towns it is a festive atmosphere. In July - August, the capital of the Czech Republic is usually crowded with tourists, while Praguers themselves at every opportunity, trying to escape from the suffocating heat and dust the bosom of nature. Soft the September sun flooded the city with a melancholy light, and fog, which often occur in October - November plunge the city into a magical twilight. Winter Prague - it is generally a separate song. The domes and towers, covered with snow, which reflects the rays of the rising sun is a thrilling spectacle.
Prague today - is a forward-looking, cheerful town that chose our own way of development and looking forward to the future. A lot of people from all over the world flock to the Czech Republic with a variety of intentions. Some just come to admire the local sights, but many remain for a long time, open restaurants, galleries and shops. They all hope that here in the middle of Europe, realized what the dream of many people before them, and Prague will be for people of different faiths, backgrounds and all nationalities united hospitable home in our cold world.
The largest and best known Czech spa was founded by Charles IV in the 14 century. Located in West Bohemia, 130 km. of Prague and 60 km. from the border with Germany in the romantic valley of the Heat. The picturesque valley is situated at an altitude of 400 m above sea level and surrounded by Ore and Doupov mountains covered with beautiful Slavatskim forest. With numerous rocks and viewing platforms with a beautiful view: the little houses with tile roofs climb the wooded slopes.
Carlsbad centuries remain attractive not only because of the healing mineral waters, and beautiful nature and beautiful architecture of the imperial style of the 19 th century many resorts and hotels organically inscribed in the local landscape. These places are visited by famous people of his time: Schiller, Goethe, Kafka, Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, numerous royalty European thrones. In Russia the tradition of treatment in these places was founded by Peter I and continued by Gogol, Turgenev, Tchaikovsky.
The ruins of a Gothic castle on a cliff 13 th century, romantic and rebuilt in 19 century when Ahrentalah. In the 18 century is a famous place of pilgrimage. To the city can be reached by a bridge with stone sculptures and gates. Medieval walls, vaults, chambers of torture in the form of buckets. Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk. The tradition of portrait KG Mahe in the chapel of St. John the Baptist.
New Life of hail began in 18 century after the construction of a new chapel sv.Yana Nepomuk bridges in the Baroque style. Bridges decorated with replicas of baroque sculptures. The originals of the statues are in the chapel of St.. John of Nepomuk inside the castle. In the first courtyard is a painting of St.. John the Baptist, written clearly in the tradition of portraits K. Mahi. In the ruins of the gothic romantic medieval buildings and walls you can see the old cellars and torture chambers and, of course, the magnificent landscapes of the Bohemian Paradise. Visit the castle can be combined with a stroll through the city Gruboskalskomu of the rocks to the cave "Adam's bed, Kopitsuv statek, Arboreta or resort" Sedmigorki. Currently there are held various cultural events - concerts, seminars, theatrical performances, etc. Open from 9 to 16.30
Bečov over Teplou
Grad Bečov over Teplou was founded in the 13 th century masters of skolistom stopped short at the Cape in place of the trade route. Originally hail prezhnaznachalsya to protect this way and to collect customs fees. The greatest flowering of the castle was in the 15 th century, when he began to belong to the genus of Plow Rabstejn. Those engaged in mining gold, silver and tin. Plows combined two of the most ancient parts of the castle, and then built a palace in the Renaissance style - for accommodation and receptions. In 1547 Kaspar Plow Estates led a revolt against Ferdinand I, which ended unsuccessfully, aoetomu nobleman was executed. Bechovsky lock away the Kingdom of the price paid for debts. Tin wealth has increased in connection with the 30-year war, but in 1648 Grod took shvudy. The most well-preserved after rishestviya chapel of St. Mary Parish in 1400 with ancient frescoes, which capture the 17 biblical motifs.
At the foundation ukrpeleny those times - a huge bastion of krespotnym moat - arose in the 18 th century Baroque castle with vosmibokovoy tower. Inside the tower were built presentable rooms, library and chapel. Straight from the chambers could go to the terrace, GDSs are located swimming pools and fountains. In the 19 th century castle and the castle was connected to a single unit. From the project architect Joseph Zítka, who offered to rebuild the estate in the style of romanticism, were implemented only a few points, namely - in the interiors. They are decorated with valuable collections, funds paintings, tapestries from the funds of the Belgian type Befortov-Spontini, who bought Bečov in 1813. In psolednee time the castle was completely renovated and opened the exhibition "The history and significance relikviariev. The greatest value is sosboy unique Romanesque relikviary svtyaogo Mavra, who found in 1985 in the chapel. In the 12 th century relikviary bought for 2,500 francs, Alfred de Befort, who treasure repaired and brought in Becov. When at the end of World War II Beforty as active employees with the Nazis quickly left his castle, then hid the relic under the floor, as well as hoping for a speedy return. Valuable monument lay there for over 40 years. In 80-ies, investigators received an anonymous message that a dealer offers to remove the treasure from Czechoslovakia. After studying archives and conducting interviews, November 5, 1985 found a relic - a little distance among the bottles of aged wine and brandy. 60 specialists from the Czech Republic and abroad participated in vosstanvolenii relikviariya St. Maurus. In May 2002 he became available to the public.
Kutna Hora - Hradec
Gotichseky hail in the form of a fortified city with the palace courtyard, towers and arches, rebuilt in the late 15 th century. Czech museum of silver - the exposition consists of Terhi excursion routes, which befits simvlichno three obschestvennm worlds koroevskogo mountain town. For seven centuries, is "Hradec", an ancient building, which is unique in that it today without exaggeration be called a true monument of Czech Gothic. At first it was a wooden fortress which protects Valley Vrhlitsy. Hradec appeared before the foundation of the city Kutna Hora, that is, to "silver fever", and after the start of construction of the city, he became part of the city ramparts. Then, in early 14., There was a fortified stone palace of urban type, with a closed courtyard and the tower used by royal favorites.
Today Hradec is "Czech museum of silver." For visitors to the museum offers three tour routes: 1) the world silver nobles, and 2) the medieval miner's colony, and 3) medieval silver. At the disposal of the museum is a medieval mine, open at the time of the hydrogeological exploration, shafts of varying antiquity - from 13 in. When there were developing, until the turn of 15-16 centuries Mine certainly is an attractive sight. The visitor, dressed in miner's costume of the time has passed space, flooded with crystal clear water depth of 50 meters and see many interesting things.
Built in 1568 - 1581 years of representative castle in Renaissance style with sgraffitovym design. Construction was directed by architects JB Aostalli and U. Aostalli. At the time of Waldstein-Wartenberg interior has been transformed into a classical style. Rhode Thurn-Taxis was the last owner of the castle. With a guide you can see the interiors of the castle and the Palace Theater 1796 - 1807 period with sets I. Platzer.
By itself you can visit the apartment, which was born the great Smetana, as well as the park and the palace garden. The external appearance in the Renaissance style after the reconstruction is fully restored. Wise to save as a number of outbuildings and garden at the castle.
As you know, Litomyšl is the birthplace of the great Czech composer Bedrich Smetana, whose name are of the traditional annual music festivals "Litomyšl Smetana's" and "Young Smetana Litomyšl". Festivals are held in the castle courtyard, equipped with a summer theater. Instead of the castle from the area of the castle is owned by the family of Smetana's "brewer", laid in 1557 and rebuilt in Baroque style in 1730 known architect F. Kaňka. Here, March 2, 1824 was born composer.
Place over Metují
The north-east of Prague is a small city - Nove Mesto nad Metují. He founded it in 1501 Jan Chernchitsky of Katsova. Chernitsky was Hussites, so in his new city of refuge, many Hussite "brothers". At first it was a little late Gothic castle. But after a fire in 1526, Jan Chernchitsky selling of the famous noble family Pernštejn. The new owners are building on the square before the ashes of burned homes new fronts in the style of the Italian Renaissance, the area resembles the courtyard of the palace of the Renaissance. Then the local people forcibly buying these facades and parked them new homes. At the same time, preparations are under way to restructure gothic castle in a convenient locking style of the Renaissance. However, this plan was implemented already next occupant of the castle - Stubenberg. His family owned the castle from 1548 until 1620. Then the estate was confiscated by the Imperial Committee (Protestant family Stubenberg participated in the uprising against the emperor).
At the same time locking buys famous Albreh Wallenstein. His close friends had a family Trchek, so general is changing locks with Mary Magdalene Trchkovoy: Wallenstein gave Trchkam Nove Mesto nad Metují, receiving in return the estate Kopidlno (located in the vicinity of its other holdings). However, a new castle on the creek Metuji family Trchek happy for long. In 1634, the head of the family dies with Wallenstein, and his possessions confiscated in connection with accusations of complicity Wallenstein, announced by then almost as an enemy of the people. "
Before entering split is a beautiful small park. Trimmed shrubs, lawns and small sculptures - all done with taste and with love. Near the entrance stands a monument to the famous Czech composer Smetana. And just before the entrance to the castle to make an artificial moat (on the bottom of which grow the flowers and shrubs), and as it should in any lock - a bridge across it. The inner courtyard of the castle a small but very cozy. All the walls twined with ivy, everywhere there are tubs with plants, and there is so beautiful singing birds! It is tempting to fall on a stand around a bench and just sit for 5 minutes and to enjoy the life.
Presentable baroque castle Kaunitz in the second half of the 18 century, built on draft D. Martinelli in place of a Gothic fortress. In 1945, destroyed. Gradually restored, including the French gardens. English park. Historical interiors with stucco and painted (ancestral hall, a library, chapel) with the situation and collections. Kounitsevskaya Art Collection, founded in the first half of the 17 century, is among the oldest in the Czech Republic. The plan of the building itself was designed in the form of letter "U". The most valuable interiors of the castle rooms are west wing, built in the first phase of construction of the castle in baroque style. Their ceilings are decorated with stucco decorations and frescoes Santina Bussi Andrea Lanzani.
Notably, above all, the so-called. Hall of Ancestors, situated in the middle of the west wing and ceilings decorated with monumental murals depicting the gods on Mount Olympus. Hall ancestors connected with the so-called oval. Historic hall, which was completed already in the sixties of the XVIII century illusionary painting by Joseph Pichler, and in which after the battle of Austerlitz armistice was signed between Austria and France. Rich plaster decorations and decorated the two main staircase of the castle. The interiors of the remaining wings of the castle is decorated in the style of classicism.
Religious monuments and places of pilgrimage are a great part of the architectural heritage of the Czech Republic. And although the Roman Catholic churches, monasteries, chapels and pilgrimage places are most religious monuments in the Czech territory, there also are many Jewish and Orthodox monuments. Religious architecture in our country has gone through a long development process, which lasted more than a thousand years of Christianity came to Bohemia in the 9 th century, with coming of Cyril and Methodius in Great Moravia, and after that - the adoption of Christianity by Prince Bořivoj and his wife, Lyudmila. Since then, the monarchs begin to build the first church. Gradually, in Moravia and Bohemia come first order, which founded the monasteries as centers of education and culture. Adoration of the saints in the Catholic concept of the most important manifestation of religious worship.
Not all religious monuments and sights of the Czech Republic survived until our days. Due to numerous wars and fires, which for centuries has caused the suffering of our land, especially under the rule of Joseph II in the late 18 th century, which has banned pilgrimages, destroyed churches, monasteries and other religious monuments. Another painful wound, became 40 years of communist regime. Due to his lack of interest and lack of understanding of hundreds of religious buildings were collapsed, and then disappeared forever from the face of the earth. In our time, is updated and the revival of traditional places of Marian pilgrimages.
The most famous and historically famous religious monuments and sights of the Czech Republic were included in the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage (Kutna Hora, istorichsekoe core of Prague, gardens Kroměříž, Zielona Gora). More in the Regions ".
At 48 km south-west of Karlovy Vary is the second largest, but the youngest resort of so-called "spa triangle"-Marianske Lazne. Thank Marianske Lazne was founded on the wealth of natural springs. In contrast to the healing springs, cold water is shallow. In the town of 40, in the vicinity of about 100. Not all of them are available for use. No other resort in the world has such a rich scale of the thermal springs. According to the chemical composition of the water sources mainly of three types: alkaline-saline with the presence of Glauber's salt, Carbonic glandular and simple acidic water. These waters are used for drinking, inhalations and baths. Along with the mineral springs used for the treatment of mud and natural carbon dioxide. The basis for recovery is to combine traditional spa treatments and modern medical techniques in the use of natural springs. Comfort, peaceful spa atmosphere and individualized care - these are the main components of the traditions that spawned the golden age of the spa business. All this is fully able to find in Marianske Lazne, and today every guest to this wonderful city.
Marianske Lazne Attractions: Museum, Nove Lazne, Russian / Orthodox / Church, the Anglican Chapel, Church of Ascension of the Virgin Mary, the colonnade, Singing fountain, a monument to Chopin, Channel Ferdinand - Pavilion, Forest source - pavilion, the hotel "Monty" - view of the city, Geological Park neighborhood of Marianske Lazne Kladská Reserve, Reserve Smradeh, Castle Kynžvart King firs, the Monastery of Heat, a monument to the 2nd World War, Runs, Panorama - views of the city, Krakonoš, deer sanctuary, golf course, lakes trout -- Kamzik Tours Marianske Lazne-walking tour in March-Lazne and its surroundings-circular route Castle Kynžvart + Reserve Kladská Monastery Heat + Castle Bečov Karlovy Vary Prague Frantiskovy-Lazne Cheb + Monastery Kladruby Pilsen + Castle Kozel.
Indications for treatment: Diseases of the musculoskeletal Metabolic Disorders with damage to the joints vertebral algichesky syndrome (back pain) painful functional disorders of the spine of Post-traumatic musculoskeletal and conditions after orthopedic surgery (with joints) Arthritis arthritis deformans without inflammation problems of deterioration Spine and Joint Juvenile scoliosis Kidney and urinary tract nontuberculous chronic inflammation of the urinary tract Chronic pyelonephritis post-operative conditions of the kidneys and urinary tract status after kidney transplantation Prostatitis non-tuberculosis respiratory system Chronic bronchitis Chronic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract Asthma Allergic respiratory disease post-operative state of the lower respiratory allergies runny nose Gynecopathy Inflammatory diseases of internal genital disorders ovarian function and development of cancer post-operative condition of gynecological interventions and operations in pelvic primary and secondary sterility, infertility Climacteric syndrome Diseases of metabolic and endocrine glands Obesity Gout Constipation Diabetes hyperlipoproteinemia Cancer Rehabilitation of the disease after a course of treatment of oncological diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract infections in children aged 5 to 15 years of chronic inflammation of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra urinary urolithiasis post-operative conditions of the kidneys and urinary tract Gynecological diseases among girls ages 5 to 18 years Inflammatory status in the pelvis Prevention of sterility and irregularities due to abdominal surgery for girls in childhood
Contraindications: Pregnancy and acute infectious diseases Malignant tumors during treatment, as well as progressing in spite of the treatment is often repeated bleeding of all types of failure to maintain themselves independently in their daily needs without assistance as well as the inability to move independently Alcohol dependence, use of other substances, addictive and dependence. Complex spa treatment includes: drinking cure, hydrotherapy, massages, inhalations, mud treatments, paraffin wraps, various types of baths (mineral, carbonate, dry carbon), gas injections, acupuncture and acupressure, electrotherapy, magnetic therapy, oxygen therapy, cryotherapy , ultrasound, solux, nutrition, exercise and other procedures. No less important are the nature walks. The recommended course of treatment - 21-28 days.