Italy is located in the south of Europe in the central part of the Mediterranean. In the north of Italy is bordered by Switzerland and Austria in the east - with Slovenia, north-west - with France and washed by four seas - the Adriatic to the east, the south - the Ionian to the west - the Tyrrhenian and Ligurian. Italy belong to the islands - Sicily, Sardinia, Elba and several smaller islands. The country stretches from north to south for more than 1100 km and consists of 23% of the valley (river and coastal), 35% - from the mountains (the Alps and Apennines) and by 42% - from the hills of varying heights. Capital - Rome.
On the territory of the peninsula are also two independent States: the Vatican and San Marino.