Sights Crimea, Ukraine

Rivers Crimea dry, the most important - Black, Belbek, Kacha, Alma, Salgir. At pp. Salgir built Simferopol Reservoir. There are a few large saltwater estuary lakes: Red, Old, Sakskoye, Aktashskoe, Tobechikskoe etc. In the mountains (especially on the northern slopes) of wood: oak, beech, beech, hornbeam, pine sites. On the southern coast of Crimea Mediterranean-type vegetation. There are numerous parks of ornamental trees and shrubs, orchards, vineyards and tobacco plantations. On the southern coast of Crimea main cities and resorts: Yalta, Mishor, Alupka, Simeiz, Gurzuf, Alushta, etc.

Almost all the tourist and excursion routes pass through the Crimea Simferopol (in Greek - means - the city collector). In place of this city (the plateau of Peter rocks) in the III century BC - III century AD was the main city states of ancient Scythian Neapolis. On the last of the city resemble a few hundred of monuments of history and culture. The oldest building in the city - the Kebir-Jami Mosque (1508g). Of the other monuments attention of tourists usually attracts attention of the academic building of the Russian theater, erected in 1911, designed by a famous architecture akazhemika AN Beketov, the building of the Crimean Republican control of the National Bank, constructed on a draft of the Crimean architect Krasnov, author of the Livadia Palace. One of the interesting monuments of architecture - the house of Count Vorontsov, built in 1827 by architect F. Elson.

Huge open-air museum with a wealth of historical, architectural and cultural monuments. During the city tour can be viewed with the most significant landmarks Yadty, such as the Armenian Church. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Livadia Palace - former summer residence of Nicholas II. A stay in Polukurovskom hill, where the city sprang up, preserved its old streets, the first Yalta church of St. John Chrysostom. Tour program may include a visit to the house-museum of Anton Chekhov, literaturnomemorialnogo museum's Lesya Ukrainka, open-air museum - Polyana tales, Baroque ensembles in the Southern coast of Crimea, as well as other attractions.

Hero City, a city-museum. 25 centuries ago, there flourished the ancient Chersonese - contemporary Kerkinitida (Evpatoria), in the Middle Ages - Kherson - an outpost of the Byzantine Empire. In a sightseeing tour includes a visit to Sebastopol's most famous sights of the city: Malakhov Hill, Historic Boulevard, Nakhimov Square, The Count's Quay, etc. The program excursions may include visits to the Panorama "Defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855gg." National Wildlife "Chersonesos.

Journey into the medieval Crimea. Bahchisaray (in Persian palace in the garden, the garden city) - the former residence of the Crimean khans Gireiev, Khanate ruled 330 years. The most important sights - the Khan's palace. The complex, which create a compelling cost several buildings and the rest of the harem, Falcon Tower, Big Khan Mosque Biuk-Han_Dzhami, mezarlyk - the main family cemetery of former rulers of Crimea Gireiev, the mausoleum of his beloved wife of ill Crimea Giray. Be sure to visit "Chufut-Kale - the most preserved and visited a cave-towns, Assumption Christian monastery - one of the oldest in the Crimea, the mausoleum Nenekedzhan Khanum (Khanum Janick), daughter of Khan Tokhtamysh, built in 1437, an old Muslim mosque (1346), two karamskie kenasa.

Sugleya (Sudak) was first mentioned in written sources in 212. City, through which the Silk let "from Europe to Central Asia and beyond - to China. The city is interesting outstanding monument of medieval architecture of world importance - a fortress built by the Genoese in several phases - from 1385 to 1414 years.

Little-known to many wonderful corner of the Crimea. Landscape with the bizarre rocky sculptures, with grottoes, caves, extending deep into the rocks, graceful bay. Such places in the territory of Ukraine was no more. Very beautiful and picturesque place, is very popular among filmmakers. The south of the village Melovoe tower above the sea wonderful monuments of nature: the steep headlands - Small and Large Atlesh Atlesh. World full of beauty for lovers of scuba diving (diving). Dzhungalskoe landslide coast. This area was chosen by birds: Oklo 90 species of birds stop here in spring and autumn. Dzhungalskoe coast, as well as Greater and Lesser Atlesh, zapvednym declared a natural monument.

Caves Kizil-Koba and Marble
The Crimean peninsula more than 800 known caves, about 50 of them are declared monuments of nature. Kizil-Koba (The Red Cave) - the largest cave in the Crimea. The total area of the studied part of more than 13 km. Visiting the cave is permissible only if accompanied by guides. Complex underground labyrinth, a complex of 6 floors with many rooms, stalactites, stalagmites. Underground river flowing on the first floor, lakes, waterfalls and siphons. Cave is located in 3,5 km away from. Perevalnoe Simferopol district.
Marble cave is located in the lower plateau Chatir Dagh. This underground natural museum. The wealth of stalactite and stalagmite decorations and service level of tourists among the top five most famous caves in Europe. The length of explored passages more than 2 km, depth - 60m. Air temperature is constant (9 C).

Grand Canyon of Crimea
Grand Canyon of Crimea (commanded in 1947). The miracle of nature, so call this a most impressive gorge on the peninsula. Hidden in the depths of the northern slope of Ai-Petrinski plateau, 4 km south-east from. Hawkeye, the Grand Canyon struck a severe simplicity and uniqueness. It is no accident here converge many tourist and excursion routes. At the entrance to the canyon there was even a tourist, military post, a mailbox which is the hollow of a huge 500-year-old oak tree. From the bottom of the steep canyon walls go up to 300-320 meters, while the width of the bottom sometimes narrowed to three or four meters. Chief sculptor in the canyon - water. At the bottom of the river flowing wild Auzun-Uzen (mouth). On her way to two dozen unnamed waterfalls. Flowing water for thousands of years sawed stone column and a deep gorge was separated from the northern Ai Petrinski plateau stoloobrazny array Boiko. On the great work of the river can be seen from occurring at the bottom of the canyon rapids.

Crimean Natural Reserve
The richest and and a large reserve on the Crimean peninsula. The total area of 42 962 hectares (the mountainous area of 33 350 hectares). He was created in the early XX century and at different times had a different status. Originally it was the royal hunting forest. At the place where the "boss of all Russia" was pleased to shoot straight at him kicked out of a deer, raised the stone pillar with an inscription of the event. Unfortunately, to this day no one column is not preserved. The majestic pine and beech forests, picturesque precipitous cliffs, brooding peaks, deep gorges, eddy mountain rivers, alpine plateau (mountain ranges), with luxuriant herbs - this seems to excursionists natural zapodvednik.

"Cave city" Mangup
One of the biggest and most interesting cave-towns. Time of the city - presumably VI-VII century. In the Middle Ages was called Theodora, was the center of the same name of the feudal principalities, occupies almost the whole south-western part of the port Tavriki Kalamita (Inkerman). Plateau tourists usually climb up the northern slope of the ancient trail laid by Gamam-Dere - Банному ravine. Visit the fortress-city usually start with the Cape Teshkli-breaker - a leaking Cape, where the Citadel, a vast artificial cave with a through hole (hence the name of the cape), defensive dungeons, underground prison and other facilities. It is interesting to visit the ruins of the city's main temple, excavated in the center of the plateau, the remains of a princely palace, cave church in the southern cliff, well-preserved walls and towers.


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