Description Odessa Oblast, Ukraine

Odessa Oblast is located in the extreme south-west of Ukraine and borders on the Vinnitsa, Kirovograd, Mykolayiv region. By land and sea borders with a number of foreign countries: the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey.

Odessa region is formed Feb. 27, 1932 Its area is 33,3 thousand square meters. km (5,5% of the territory of Ukraine).

The region is located in the extreme south-west of Ukraine. In the west, bordering Romania, Moldova, including Transnistria, in the north - and to Vinnitsa, Kirovograd, in the east - with the Nikolayev region of Ukraine. In the south, a broad front goes to the Black Sea coast. The main feature of the area - its seaside and frontier position.

In the area allocated 3 systems resettlement of urban population. The largest of them - Odessa metropolitan area, including the Odessa port and industrial center Illichivsk, smt Ovidiopol and Kominternovskoe, and Belgorod-Dniester. The second system - Danubian group of cities (Izmail, Reni, Kiliya), which has mainly transport and economic specialization. And the third system, located in the north area, which includes the city Kotovsk, Balta, Kodima and Ananiev, is the agro-industrial and transportation specialization.

Administrative-territorial structure is presented as follows: 26 administrative districts, 19 cities, including 7 regional subordination (Odessa, Izmail, Ilyichevsk, Belgorod-Dniester, Kotovsk, Teplodar and South) and 12 towns of district subordination, 33 urban-type settlements, 1139 rural settlements.

Administrative center - the city of Odessa, was first mentioned in chronicles in 1415, the city is from 1794. Residents of the 1,020.2 thousand people - is one of five cities-millionaires in Ukraine.

The main part of the territory of the Odessa region occupies the Black Sea Lowland, in the north - Podolsk Upland. With the geographical location of the field in the steppe and forest-steppe natural zones related to its main natural resource - large agroindustrial resources, and with the maritime situation - its powerful recreation potential. In the region there is practically no developed mineral deposits, except for construction materials.


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