Greece Sights

Greece Greece - a country with a long history, rich culture and amazingly friendly and hospitable people. Traveler is surrounded by the unique monuments of ancient architecture, familiar even to school textbooks. Greece - a real treasure house of historical and cultural values, where every stone tells of gods and heroes. No wonder, tours in Greece traditionally gained popularity among tourists from all over the world.

If you are interested in the history of art and archeology, the trip to Greece will give you the lasting impression will be an exceptional event. Not only big and famous, but also small towns and many islands have their own monuments of antiquity, its eventful history.

Delphi - Sanctuary of Apollo in Phocis, where the famous oracle and Pythian games were held. Nature and ancient ruins is an amazing mix, emphasizing the beauty of each other. You can visit the temple of Apollo, theater, stadium, museum, wash water Kastalsky source (according to legend - rejuvenating), see the "navel of the Earth, stone Sybil.

Olympia - since prehistoric times every four years here were the Olympic Games in honor of Zeus. Since the revival of the Games in 1896 here in the ancient sanctuary, again ignited the Olympic flame. Hence, he makes his journey to the place of the regular Olympic Games.

Meteora - a unique medieval monastery complex. About a thousand of huge rocks rise perpendicularly over the town and the village of Kalambaka Kastraki. These giant rocks to visitors surprised and perplexed because of their fantastic origin.

Once the monastic community, there were 24 monasteries located on the steep cliffs to a height of 300 m. Today, operates only five. They were are structured in 14 century by monks who were looking for a spiritual retreat. Previously monks climbed up the cliff using a rope ladder, and for transporting clothing and provisions used the hanging nets. Later, between 1922-1925 years, the rock had been nibbling dark passageways and stairs. The way of life of the monks was, and remains quite severe. For 14 hours they spend in prayer, 5 - 6 hours engaged in physical labor, and slept only 4 hours.

Currently, Meteora, because of his Christian, historical, architectural and geological significance is recognized by UNESCO and other international organizations, as a monument to humanity, to be protected.

Athos - a self-governing part of the Greek state, which is under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Located on the third "finger trident" on the peninsula of Mount Athos in Chalkidiki. The first Christians came to the sacred mountain at the time of Emperor Constantine the Great. It was he issued a decree banning the entry of women to the Holy Mountain, which operates to this day. The first settler is Peter of Athos, who came to the Holy Mountain in the 7 th century BC. e. The monks of Mount Athos in subordination to the Ecumenical Patriarchate Kostantinopolya. Of the 20 monasteries in 17 Greek, one Bulgarian, one Russian and one Serbian.

Cave Petralona. Here, in 1960, at an altitude of 250 meters above sea level, were found the remains of ancient man - Neanderthal age of 200 thousand years, and the remains of various animals, numbering 500 thousand years of age. The cave is 800 meters from the village Petralona in Chalkidiki.

Fairy stalactites and stalagmites, traces of fire kindled by the ancient man, tools, and many other exhibits from the anthropological museum near the cave, can monitor the air of a man in human evolution which occupied an intermediate position between Pithecanthropus and modern man.

Mykonos - the city and fortress in the northern Peloponnese. In the second half of II millennium BC here was one of the centers of ancient civilization, known as the Mycenaean. In Mycenae are the famous Lion Gate, the Tomb of Agamemnon, the royal palace.

Epidaurus - the theater. Built in the IV. BC It is well preserved and is now used for its intended purpose. Festival "Epidaurus", held here today, includes musical and theatrical performances.

Crete - the biggest island of Greece, the cradle of one of the most ancient civilizations on earth - the Minoan, the place with which connected the legend of Daedalus and Icarus. Until the present day ruins of the remarkable monument of the era - Knossos palace. Crete - it is also an island that has all the conditions for a perfect vacation - sandy beaches, calm blue sea, hot sun, first-class hotels.

Rhodes - a large fertile island off the south-western coast of Asia Minor. It is famous because situated therein once the statue of Colossus - one of the seven wonders of the world, as well as three thousand other statues scattered across the island. In Rhodes, there are monuments of the classical period, the period of the conquest of the island by the Knights of Jerusalem and other islands


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